WEDNESDAY, Could 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Practically one in 4 American teenagers has suffered a minimum of one concussion, in line with new analysis.
And although extra teenagers are self-reporting sports-related concussions, visits to the emergency room for these traumatic head injuries fell between 2012 and 2018.
“One purpose that might clarify why adolescents who take part in sports activities noticed a rise in self-reported concussion might be as a result of larger consciousness of these kind of accidents,” mentioned research writer Philip Veliz. He’s an assistant analysis professor on the College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, in Ann Arbor.
For the research, his crew checked out practically 53,000 college students in grades 8, 10 and 12, and located that self-reported concussions rose between 2016 and 2020. Particularly, in 2016, 19.5% of teenagers mentioned they’d skilled a minimum of one concussion; by 2020 that quantity had risen to 24.6%, the findings confirmed.
“Self-reported concussions might be rising provided that each youngsters and oldsters have larger information with respect to those accidents,” Veliz mentioned. “We have now seen a larger effort within the U.S. to teach the inhabitants relating to the dangers related to head accidents, and will have larger information with respect to signs related to these kind of accidents.”
Self-reported concussion, nevertheless, didn’t enhance throughout all teams. There was no enhance, for example, amongst teenagers who didn’t take part in sports activities.
Veliz mentioned these new findings don’t contradict research based mostly on emergency division knowledge which have reported a decline in these kind of accidents.
“Extra adolescents could also be in search of look after these accidents, together with care from well being professionals outdoors the emergency division who’ve acceptable prognosis and administration abilities,” Veliz defined.
The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention describes a concussion as a sort of mind harm that occurs when a blow to the pinnacle or physique causes the pinnacle and mind to maneuver quickly forwards and backwards, inflicting modifications within the mind.
Whereas they might not be life-threatening, concussions can nonetheless be critical. Signs could embrace a headache, neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness or tiredness. Extra critical signs embrace convulsions or seizures, an incapacity to get up and lack of consciousness, in line with the U.S. Nationwide Library of Drugs.
Main sports activities organizations, together with these governing youth sports activities in the USA, have taken steps to scale back concussion threat in recent times.
Veliz mentioned it will be significant, with the rise in studies of juvenile concussions, for the general public to concentrate on these accidents and the very best methods to stop and deal with them.
“Concussions look like a typical harm amongst adolescents. Roughly one in 4 have indicated one of these harm,” Veliz mentioned. “Continued efforts to teach the inhabitants on each the chance and administration of those accidents ought to nonetheless stay a precedence because it pertains to adolescent well being.”
Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, head of emergency medication at Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills in New York Metropolis, reviewed the findings. She mentioned extra consciousness of concussion amongst teen athletes is necessary for maintaining wholesome.
“It’s unclear if the precise variety of concussions are rising or if elevated training and consciousness of what concussion symptoms are results in elevated self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
She famous that many college districts are educating college students and oldsters in regards to the hazard of not reporting signs.
“As we study extra about long-term unwanted side effects of childhood concussions, you will need to monitor each will increase within the variety of concussions in addition to self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
Reporting concussions could result in growth of how to maintain athletes in tip-top form, she added.
“Elevated self-reporting may assist public well being officers and faculty officers create safeguards to maintain scholar athletes as wholesome as potential whereas partaking in organized sports activities which may be at a excessive threat of concussions,” Amato mentioned.
The findings had been printed Could 4 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.
The researchers pressured that continued efforts to observe and forestall concussion are wanted. One limitation of the research was use of self-reported measures of concussion, they famous.
To study extra about concussion, go to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Philip Veliz, PhD, assistant analysis professor, College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, Ann Arbor; Teresa Murray Amato, MD, chairwoman, emergency medication, Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills, New York Metropolis; Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, Could 4, 2021