Home News What’s behind Trump’s Nobel Peace Prize nomination?

What’s behind Trump’s Nobel Peace Prize nomination?

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President Donald Trump has been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize for a second time

Lower than two months earlier than the US election, President Donald Trump appears to have one thing to have a good time – a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.

A far-right Norwegian politician has put Mr Trump’s title ahead for the 2021 prize, citing the president’s position within the latest peace deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

Christian Tybring-Gjedde advised Fox Information on Wednesday: “For his benefit, I feel he has completed extra making an attempt to create peace between nations than most different peace prize nominees.”

Including that he was not an enormous Trump supporter, he added. “The committee ought to have a look at the info and decide him on the info – not on the best way he behaves typically.”

After all a nomination will not be the identical as profitable – we can’t know the winner for an additional 13 months – so what can we make of this information?

So who will get to appoint an individual?

For a nomination alone, the barrier to entry is low: all nominations from heads of state or politicians serving at a nationwide degree are accepted.

College professors, administrators of overseas coverage institutes, previous recipients of a Nobel Prize and members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are additionally amongst these deemed certified to submit a nomination for the prize. The nominations require no invitation and as lengthy they’re entered earlier than 1 February of the qualifying yr, they are going to be accepted.

For the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize – the winner of which has not but been introduced – there have been 318 candidates. The Norwegian Nobel Committee does not publicly touch upon its nominees, that are stored secret for 50 years.

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Media captionHow do you select a Nobel prize winner?

Has Mr Trump been nominated earlier than?

Sure.

And for the second time, he has Mr Tybring-Gjedde to thank. In 2018, the right-wing politician was one in every of two Norwegian lawmakers to appoint Mr Trump for a similar prize, then for his efforts to convey reconciliation to North and South Korea.

Mr Trump didn’t take residence the prize that yr, however Mr Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the conservative Progress Get together, insists the US president meets the factors this time.

Final month, Israel and the UAE reached a deal to normalise relations, with Israel agreeing to droop its controversial plans to annex a part of the occupied West Financial institution – introduced by Mr Trump in a shock assertion.

It’s simply the third Israel-Arab peace deal since Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948, and marks the primary official diplomatic relationship between Israel and a Gulf Arab nation. Palestinian leaders had been reportedly caught off guard by the settlement.

“This can be a hard-earned and well-deserved honour for this president,” White Home Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany stated on Wednesday. “Profession politicians merely discuss concerning the type of outcomes that this president has achieved on the world stage.”

Has a US president been nominated earlier than?

Mr Trump is one in every of a number of US presidents to obtain the peace prize nomination, together with President William Howard Taft, President Herbert Hoover and President Franklin Roosevelt.

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President Obama’s nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize additionally drew scepticism.

And if he had been to obtain the coveted award, Mr Trump could be the fourth US president to win, following President Woodrow Wilson in 1920, President Jimmy Carter in 2002, and President Barack Obama in 2009.

Mr Obama’s nomination – after simply months on the job – was met with criticism within the US, with some arguing he had not made an influence worthy of the award.

Amongst his detractors? Mr Trump, who tweeted in 2013 calling for Mr Obama’s award to be rescinded.

The previous Nobel secretary Geir Lundestad later stated he regretted Mr Obama’s choice. “Even a lot of Obama’s supporters believed that the prize was a mistake,” he advised the AP information company. “In that sense the committee did not obtain what it had hoped for.”

Mr Obama donated the $1.4m (£1.08m) award to charity.

Have there been controversial nominations earlier than?

Whereas the award’s most well-known recipients embrace Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela and Mom Teresa – all who gained the prize – the broad standards for nominations signifies that previous nominees have included extremely unorthodox, and controversial, alternatives.

Adolf Hitler was nominated for the peace prize in 1939 by a member of the Swedish parliament. Reportedly submitted in satire, the nomination was withdrawn quickly after. A number of years later, the Soviet chief Josef Stalin was nominated for a similar award, twice, garnering nods in 1945 – for his efforts ending WW2 – and once more in 1948.

After nominations are submitted, the recipient is chosen by a five-person Nobel Committee, which is appointed by the Norwegian Parliament. The winner of the 2021 prize is not going to be introduced till October of subsequent yr.